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Football (or soccer in other territories) is a sport where you kick a ball around a pitch to try and get a goal. It is played with a football, and was once played with a pig bladder in the olden days. It is the world's most popular sport.

How to playEdit

11 people on each team and a referee. Both teams must try to get a goal in the enemy team's net. Each side needs a goalkeeper at their net. Whoever has the most goals at the end wins. If no goals are scored in knockout matches, the match will go into extra time, and eventually penalties if no goal is scored in both round of extra time.

HistoryEdit

The modern rules of football are based on the mid-19th century efforts to standardise the widely varying forms of football played at the public schools of England.

The Cambridge Rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were particularly influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Hambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Manchester and Shrewsbury schools. They were not universally adopted. During the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football. Some came up with their own distinct codes of rules, most notably the Sheffield FC formed by former public school pupils in 1857, which led to formation of a Sheffield FA in 1867. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School also devised an influential set of rules.

These ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of the FA in 1863, which first met on the morning of 26 October 1863 at the Freemason's Tavern, Queen's Street, London. The only school to be represented on this occasion was Charterhouse. The Freemason's Tavern was the setting for five more meetings between October and December, which eventually produced the first comprehensive set of rules. At the final meeting, the first FA treasurer, the representative from Blackheath, withdrew his club from the FA over the removal of two draft rules at the previous meeting: the first allowed for running with the ball in hand; the second for obstructing such a run by hacking (kicking an opponent in the shins), tripping and holding. Other English rugby clubs followed his lead and did not join the FA, or subsequently left the FA and instead in 1871 formed the Rugby Football Union. The eleven remaining clubs, under the charge of Ebenezer Cobb Morley, went on to ratify the original thirteen laws of the game. These rules included handling of the ball by "marks" and the lack of a crossbar, rules which made it remarkably similar to the Victorian rules being developed at that time in Australia. The Sheffield FA played by its own rules until the 1870s with the FA absorbing some of its rules until there was little difference between the games.

The laws of the game are currently determined by the IFAB. The Board was formed in 1886 after a meeting in Manchester of The Football Association, the Scottish FA, the Welsh FA, and the Irish FA. The world's oldest football competition is the FA Cup, which was founded by C.W Alcock and has been contested by English teams since 1872. The first official international match took place in 1872 between Scotland and England in Glasgow, again at the instigation of C. W. Alcock. England is home to the world's first football league, which was founded in Birmingham in 1888 by Aston Villa director William McGregor The original format contained 12 clubs from the Midlands and the north of England The FIFA, the international football body, was formed in Paris in 1904 and declared that they would adhere to Laws of the Game of the Football Association. The growing popularity of the international game led to the admittance of FIFA representatives to the International FA board in 1913. The board currently consists of four representatives from FIFA and one representative from each of the four British associations.

Today, football is played at a professional level all over the world. Millions of people regularly go to football stadiums to follow their favourite teams, while billions more watch the game on television or on the internet. A very large number of people also play football at an amateur level. According to a survey conducted by FIFA published in 2001, over 240 million people from more than 200 countries regularly play football. While football has the highest global television audience in sport, its simple rules and minimal equipment requirements at amateur level, have no doubt aided its growth in terms of participation.

In many parts of the world football evokes great passions and plays an important role in the life of individual fans, local communities, and even nations. The Ivory Coast national football team helped secure a truce to the nation's civil war in 2006 and it helped further reduce tensions between government and rebel forces in 2007 by playing a match in the rebel capital of Bouake, an occasion that brought both armies together peacefully for the first time. By contrast, football is widely considered to be the final proximate cause in the Football War in June 1969 between El Salvador and Honduras. The sport also exacerbated tensions at the beginning of the Yugoslav of the 1990s, when a match between Dinamo Zagreb and Red Star Belgrade devolved into rioting in March 1990.



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Ball in and out of playEdit

Throwin: If the ball is kicked out of the pitch, the other team will get a throwin, where they throw the ball to another player.

Goal kick: If the ball is kicked outside the pitch if it is near any teams net, then the goalkeeper will kick it to people on their team.

Corner kick: If a team has kicked the ball out of the pitch if it near any teams net, then the other team will have one player stand in the corner, and kick the ball to players near the other teams net, and they will try to header it into the net.

Penalty kick: If a team fouls another player in the goal area, then the team of the person fouled will stand in the goal box in a 1v1 with the goalkeeper, and will try to kick it into the net and beat the keeper.

Indirect free kick: awarded to the opposing team following "non-penal" fouls, certain technical infringements, or when play is stopped to caution or send-off an opponent without a specific foul having occurred. A goal may not be scored directly from an indirect free kick.

Direct free kcik: awarded to fouled team following certain listed "penal" fouls. A goal may be scored directly from a direct free kick.

FoulingEdit

A foul occurs when a player commits an offence listed in the Laws of the Game while the ball is in play. The offences that constitute a foul are listed in Law 12. Handling the ball deliberately, tripping an opponent, or pushing an opponent, are examples of "penal fouls", punishable by a direct free kick or penalty kick depending on where the offence occurred. Other fouls are punishable by an indirect free kick.The referee may punish a player or substitute's misconduct by a caution (yellow card) or sending-off (red card). A second yellow card at the same game leads to a red card, and therefore to a sending-off. A player given a yellow card is said to have been "booked", the referee writing the player's name in his official notebook. If a player has been sent off, no substitute can be brought on in their place. Misconduct may occur at any time, and while the offences that constitute misconduct are listed, the definitions are broad. In particular, the offence of "unsporting behaviour" may be used to deal with most events that violate the spirit of the game, even if they are not listed as specific offences. A referee can show a yellow or red card to a player, substitute or substituted player. Non-players such as managers and support staff cannot be shown the yellow or red card, but may be expelled from the technical area if they fail to conduct themselves in a responsible manner.

Rather than stopping play, the referee may allow play to continue if doing so will benefit the team against which an offence has been committed. This is known as "playing an advantage". The referee may "call back" play and penalise the original offence if the anticipated advantage does not ensue within a short period, typically taken to be four to five seconds. Even if an offence is not penalised due to advantage being played, the offender may still be sanctioned for misconduct at the next stoppage of play.

TournamentsEdit

  • World Cup: A tournament held every four years where countries from all over the world play to win the tournament and the World Cup trophy.
  • FA Cup: A football tournament for English teams to win the FA Cup).

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